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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001 May 25;177(1-2):25-33.

Regulation of cell cycle molecules by the Ras effector system.

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Department of Physiology, Kanazawa University School of Medicine, 13-1 Takaramachi, Kanazawa City, 920-8640, Japan.


Eukaryotic cell cycle progression is driven by an ordered array of phosphorylation events that are specifically catalyzed by members of CDK (cyclin-dependent kinase) family serine/threonine protein kinases, each consisting of a catalytic subunit CDK and a positive regulatory subunit cyclin. In mammalian somatic cells extracellular cues act mainly during the G1 phase to regulate the activity of D type cyclin-dependent CDKs, which, in turn, serve as key regulators of G1--S phase progression by phosphorylating and functionally inactivating the tumor suppressor retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. The small molecular weight G protein Ras has been implicated as a crucial molecule that transduces extracellular growth stimuli into intracellular signals. Recent studies, including our own, have demonstrated that maintained cellular Ras activity is required until late in the G1 phase for inactivation of the Rb protein and the G1/S transition and mediates both upregulation of cyclin D1 and downregulation of p27kip1 CDK inhibitor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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