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FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2001 Jun;36(1):61-71.

Genetic diversity of Fusarium oxysporum populations isolated from different soils in France.

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1
UMR Biochimie, Biologie Cellulaire et Ecologie des Interactions Plantes-Microorganismes, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), 17 rue Sully, 21065 Cedex, Dijon, France

Abstract

The genetic diversity of soil-borne populations of Fusarium oxysporum was assessed using 350 isolates collected from six different French soils. All isolates were characterised by restriction fragment analysis of the PCR-amplified ribosomal intergenic spacer (IGS). Twenty-six IGS types were identified among the 350 isolates analysed. Five to nine different IGS types were detected in each soil. None of the IGS types was common to all of the soils. An analysis of the molecular variance based on IGS type relationships and frequency revealed that the genetic structure of the populations of F. oxysporum varied widely among the soils. Some populations were both highly diverse within the soils and differentiated between the soils. A possible relationship between the intrapopulation or interpopulation level of diversity and some external factors such as the soil type or the crop history was evaluated. A subsample representative of the diversity of the six populations was further characterised by analysing the genomic distribution of two transposable elements, impala and Fot1. One to 10 copies of the impala element were present in most of the isolates, irrespective of their soil of origin. The Fot1 element was only detected in 40% of the isolates originating from the three populations less diverse in terms of IGS types, but in 82.6% of the isolates originating from the three more diverse populations.

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