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J Virol Methods. 2001 Jun;95(1-2):133-43.

A rapid assay for evaluation of antiviral activity against coxsackie virus B3, influenza virus A, and herpes simplex virus type 1.

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Institute for Virology, Medical Centre of the Friedrich Schiller University, Winzerlaer Str. 10, D-07745, Jena, Germany.


In order to identify new potential antiviral drugs, small amounts of extracts or compounds have to be examined for cytotoxicity and antiviral activity in primary screening using a rapid, easy, inexpensive, and highly standardised test system. In this study, high-throughput cytopathic effect (CPE) inhibitory assays were established for coxsackie virus B3 on HeLa Ohio cells, influenza virus A on Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) on green monkey kidney cells that meet these requirements. The cytotoxic and the antiviral effects were quantified using a crystal violet uptake assay allowing automated handling of large numbers of candidate agents. To ensure comparable results with plaque reduction assays, the 50 and 90% plaque inhibitory concentrations of guanidine, amantadine, and phosphonoformic acid were used to standardise the anti-coxsackie virus B3, anti-influenza virus A, and anti-HSV-1 tests, respectively. The strong correlation between the antiviral activity determined by CPE-inhibitory assays and plaque reduction assay was further proved for other antivirals. In summary, low amounts of large numbers of compounds may be tested inexpensively and standardised within 24 h (coxsackie virus B3 and influenza virus A) or 48 h (herpes simplex virus type 1) post-infection using CPE inhibitory assays.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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