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Trends Immunol. 2001 Jun;22(6):312-6.

The importance of the innate immune system in controlling HIV infection and disease.

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Dept of Medicine, University of California, 513 Parnassus, San Francisco, CA 94143-1270, USA.


The innate immune system is the first line of defense against invading pathogens and is particularly important in warding off bacterial and viral infections presenting at the mucosal cell surface. From this primitive immune response, the more sophisticated adaptive immune system was derived. Despite nearly two decades of research directed at inducing adaptive immune responses to HIV, no successful immunological therapy or vaccine has been developed. On the basis of recent observations, it is suggested that instead emphasis should now be placed on the alternative arm of the immune system, the innate immune response. Novel approaches should be developed to elicit this rapidly responding immune activity in HIV infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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