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Nat Immunol. 2001 Jun;2(6):556-63.

Antigen-induced translocation of PKC-theta to membrane rafts is required for T cell activation.

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Division of Cell Biology, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, 10355 Science Center Drive, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.


Protein kinase C-theta (PKC-theta) is essential for mature T cell activation; however, the mechanism by which it is recruited to the TCR signaling machinery is unknown. Here we show that T cell stimulation by antibodies or peptide-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) induces translocation of PKC-theta to membrane lipid rafts, which localize to the immunological synapse. Raft translocation was mediated by the PKC-theta regulatory domain and required Lck but not ZAP-70. In addition, PKC-theta was associated with Lck in the rafts. An isolated PKC-straight theta catalytic fragment did not partition into rafts or activate the transcription factor NF-kappa B, although addition of a Lck-derived raft-localization sequence restored these functions. Thus, physiological T cell activation translocates PKC-theta to rafts, which localize to the T cell synapse; this PKC-theta translocation is important for its function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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