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Science. 2001 Jun 15;292(5524):2041-50. Epub 2001 May 24.

G-protein signaling through tubby proteins.

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1
Ruttenberg Cancer Center, Structural Biology Program, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University, 1425 Madison Avenue New York, NY 10029, USA.

Abstract

Dysfunction of the tubby protein results in maturity-onset obesity in mice. Tubby has been implicated as a transcription regulator, but details of the molecular mechanism underlying its function remain unclear. Here we show that tubby functions in signal transduction from heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptors. Tubby localizes to the plasma membrane by binding phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate through its carboxyl terminal "tubby domain." X-ray crystallography reveals the atomic-level basis of this interaction and implicates tubby domains as phosphorylated-phosphatidyl- inositol binding factors. Receptor-mediated activation of G protein alphaq (Galphaq) releases tubby from the plasma membrane through the action of phospholipase C-beta, triggering translocation of tubby to the cell nucleus. The localization of tubby-like protein 3 (TULP3) is similarly regulated. These data suggest that tubby proteins function as membrane-bound transcription regulators that translocate to the nucleus in response to phosphoinositide hydrolysis, providing a direct link between G-protein signaling and the regulation of gene expression.

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PMID:
11375483
DOI:
10.1126/science.1061233
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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