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Genomics. 2001 May 15;74(1):105-8.

ESX1L, a novel X chromosome-linked human homeobox gene expressed in the placenta and testis.

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1
Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

A novel human homeobox gene related to the mouse Esx1 homeobox gene, which we have designated ESXR1, has been identified. ESXR1 and Esx1 share 65% identity within their homeodomains and have glutamic acid-rich and proline-rich N- and C-terminal regions, respectively. Unlike Esx1, ESXR1 contains 12 repeats of a unique nine amino acid motif, PPMAP(V/L)PPG, located C-terminal to the homeodomain. The general exon-intron structures of ESXR1 and Esx1 appear to be conserved. ESXR1 has been localized to human Xq22.1-q22.3, the same region of synteny shared by the map position of Esx1. ESXR1 expression appears to be restricted to the placenta and testis, the tissues in which Esx1 is also expressed. These data suggest that ESXR1 may be the orthologue of Esx1. The findings that there are similarities between ESXR1 and Esx1, yet differences between their encoded products, are consistent with the idea that placental genes evolve rapidly between mammalian species.

PMID:
11374906
DOI:
10.1006/geno.2001.6532
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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