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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jun 1;284(1):2-10.

Molecular cloning and characterization of mouse EBAG9, homolog of a human cancer associated surface antigen: expression and regulation by estrogen.

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Department of Biochemistry, Saitama Medical School, 38 Morohongo, Moroyama-machi, Iruma-gun, Saitama, 350-0495, Japan.


We previously identified a human estrogen-responsive gene, EBAG9 (ER-binding fragment-associated antigen9) (Watanabe, T. et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 18, 442-449, 1998). It was later reported as RCAS1 (receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells) that induced apoptosis and suppressed the growth of several cells such as activated T cells (Nakashima, M. et al., Nat. Med. 5, 938-942, 1999). Here, we have isolated both cDNA and genomic DNA of mouse EBAG9/RCAS1. Mouse EBAG9 gene spans about 30 kb in genomic DNA and consists of 7 exons. Mouse EBAG9 cDNA encodes a protein that contains the transmenbrane segment and coiled-coil domain. An alignment between the predicted mouse and human EBAG9 shows a high degree of homology at the amino acid level (98%). Northern and Western blot analyses demonstrate that EBAG9 is expressed in several tissues including the heart, brain, spleen, liver, kidney, and testis, and also in developing embryo. In the uterus, a target organ for estrogen, the EBAG9 was shown to be upregulated in vivo by 17beta-estradiol. To determine the biological action of mouse EBAG9, NIH3T3 fibroblastic cells were incubated with recombinant EBAG9 protein, resulting in suppression of cell growth. These findings suggest that EBAG9 is an in vivo estrogen-responsive gene that inhibits the cell growth.

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