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Chemosphere. 2001 May-Jun;43(4-7):675-81.

Regiospecific dechlorination of spiked tetra- and trichlorodibenzo-p-dioxins by anaerobic bacteria from PCDD/F-contaminated Spittelwasser sediments.

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Institute of Microbiology, Martin Luther University, Halle, Germany.


Samples were taken from sediment of the River Spittelwasser (district Bitterfeld, Germany), which is highly polluted with PCDD/Fs and other chloroorganic compounds. The sediment cores were separated into 10-20 cm thick layers, spiked with 50 microM of 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and incubated for 8 months under anaerobic conditions in the presence of cosubstrates. Reductive dechlorination of the tetrachlorinated congener and formation of tri- and dichlorinated products were observed in all biologically active incubations. Analysis of subcultures spiked with 1,2,3- and 1,2,4-trichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, respectively, revealed two different dechlorination pathways within the sediment cores. Pathway M was characterized by the simultaneous dechlorination of peri- and lateralchlorine atoms, whereas sequence SP was restricted to the dechlorination at positions flanked by chlorine atoms on both sides.

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