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Thromb Haemost. 2001 May;85(5):810-20.

Microparticles from patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and sepsis support coagulation through multiple mechanisms.

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1
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands.

Abstract

AIM:

We investigated the occurrence and thrombin generating mechanisms of circulating microparticles (MP) in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and sepsis.

METHODS:

MP, isolated from blood of patients (n = 9) and healthy controls (n = 14), were stained with cell-specific monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) or anti-tissue factor (anti-TF) MoAb and annexin V, and analyzed by flow cytometry. To assess their thrombin-generating capacity, MP were reconstituted in normal plasma. The coagulation activation status in vivo was quantified by plasma prothrombin fragment F1+2- and thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) measurements.

RESULTS:

Annexin V-positive MP in the patients originated predominantly from platelets (PMP), and to a lesser extent from erythrocytes, endothelial cells (EMP) and granulocytes (GMP). Compared to healthy controls, the numbers of annexin V-positive PMP and TF-exposing MP were decreased (p = <0.001 for both), EMP were decreased (E-selectin, p = 0.003) or found equal (CD144, p = 0.063), erythrocyte-derived MP were equal (p = 0.726), and GMP were increased (p = 0.008). GMP numbers correlated with plasma concentrations of elastase (r = 0.70, p = 0.036), but not with C-reactive-protein or interleukin-6 concentrations. Patient samples also contained reduced numbers of annexin V-negative PMP, and increased numbers of erythrocyte-derived MP and GMP (p = 0.005, p = 0.021 and p <0.001, respectively). Patient MP triggered thrombin formation, which was reduced compared to the healthy controls (p = 0.008) and strongly inhibited by an anti-factor XII MoAb (two patients), by anti-factor XI MoAb (eight patients) or by anti-TF MoAb (four patients). Concentrations of F1+2 and TAT were elevated (p = 0.005 and p = 0.001, respectively) and correlated inversely with the number of circulating MP (and r = -0.51, p = 0.013, and r = -0.65, p = 0.001, respectively) and their thrombin generation capacity (F1+2: r= -0.62, p = 0.013).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with MODS and sepsis relatively low numbers of MP are present that differ from controls in their cellular origin, numbers and coagulation activation mechanisms.

PMID:
11372673
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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