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J Urol. 2001 Jun;165(6 Pt 2):2392-3.

Synchronous bladder reconstruction and antegrade continence enema.

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Department of Paediatric Urology, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom.



We assess the long-term outcome of synchronous bladder reconstruction and antegrade continence enema in a large series of patients.


We retrospectively reviewed records of the last 50 consecutive patients treated at 1 unit in Southampton and 1 in Denver.


A total of 46 patients were available for analysis, including 24 from Southampton and 22 from Denver. Median patient age at operation was 12 years (range 4 to 30), median followup was 44 months (range 7 to 100), and 80% of patients had neuropathy and anorectal malformation. A variety of bladder reconstructive procedures were performed and 58% of patients underwent a simultaneous Mitrofanoff procedure. Fecal and urinary continence was achieved in 76% of patients but the rate of revision surgery was high. The most common complication was stomal stenosis (17%). Secondary procedures consisted of refashioning urethral length, closure of the bladder neck, bladder augmentation and conduit revision.


It is now possible to produce double continence in some patients with synchronous combined surgery, a goal that was not achievable without colostomy before the development of the antegrade continence enema in 1990. However, the surgery is demanding with high revision rates and we emphasize that it should only be performed in patients who are highly motivated and have reasonable dexterity and intelligence. This careful patient selection is confirmed by the fact that surgery was performed on 2 to 3 patients a year at each unit. This surgery should only be performed at facilities which can provide long-term patient followup.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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