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Eur J Cell Biol. 2001 Apr;80(4):257-70.

Pex12p of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a component of a multi-protein complex essential for peroxisomal matrix protein import.

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Abteilung für Zellbiochemie, Medizinische Fakultät der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.


We have isolated the Saccharomyces cerevisiae pex12-1 mutant from a screen to identify mutants defective in peroxisome biogenesis. The pex12delta deletion strain fails to import peroxisomal matrix proteins through both the PTS1 and PTS2 pathway. The PEX12 gene was cloned by functional complementation of the pex12-1 mutant strain and encodes a polypeptide of 399 amino acids. ScPex12p is orthologous to Pex12 proteins from other species and like its orthologues, S. cerevisiae Pex12p contains a degenerate RING finger domain of the C3HC4 type in its essential carboxy-terminus. Localization studies demonstrate that Pex12p is an integral peroxisomal membrane protein, with its NH2-terminus facing the peroxisomal lumen and with its COOH-terminus facing the cytosol. Pex12p-deficient cells retain particular structures that contain peroxisomal membrane proteins consistent with the existence of peroxisomal membrane remnants ("ghosts") in pex12A null mutant cells. This finding indicates that pex12delta cells are not impaired in peroxisomal membrane biogenesis. In immunoisolation experiments Pex12p was co-purified with the RING finger protein Pex10p, the PTS1 receptor Pex5p and the docking proteins for the PTS1 and the PTS2 receptor at the peroxisomal membrane, Pex13p and Pex14p. Furthermore, two-hybrid experiments suggest that the two RING finger domains are sufficient for the Pex10p-Pex12p interaction. Our results suggest that Pex12p is a component of the peroxisomal translocation machinery for matrix proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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