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Curr Biol. 2001 May 1;11(9):685-90.

Mitotic degradation of cyclin A is mediated by multiple and novel destruction signals.

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Institut für Genetik, Universität zu Köln, Weyertal 121, D-50931, Köln, Germany.


Exit from mitosis requires Cdk1 inactivation, with the most prominent mechanism of Cdk1 inactivation being proteolysis of mitotic cyclins [1]. In higher eukaryotes this involves sequential destruction of A- and B-type cyclins. CycA is destroyed first, and CycA/Cdk1 inactivation is required for the metaphase-to-anaphase transition [2]. The degradation of CycA is delayed in response to DNA damage but is not prevented when the spindle checkpoint is activated [3, 4]. Cyclin destruction is thought to be mediated by a conserved motif, the destruction box (D box). Like B-type cyclins, A-type cyclins contain putative destruction box sequences in their N termini [5]. However, no detailed in vivo analysis of the sequence requirements for CycA destruction has been described so far. Here we tested several mutations in the CycA coding region for destruction in Drosophila embryos. We show that D box sequences are not essential for mitotic destruction of CycA. Destruction is mediated by at least three different elements that act in an overlapping fashion to mediate its mitotic degradation.

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