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Brain Res. 2001 May 18;901(1-2):85-93.

Histamine H1 receptor mRNA is expressed in capsaicin-insensitive sensory neurons with neuropeptide Y-immunoreactivity in guinea pigs.

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Department of Physiology, Kansai College of Oriental Medicine, 2-11-1 Wakaba, Kumatori, Sennan, 590-0433, Osaka, Japan.


Histamine H1 receptor mRNA-expressing sensory neurons in guinea pigs are unmyelinated and are not immunoreactive to substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) [Mol. Brain Res. 66 (1999) 24], which are implicated in the nociceptive transmission of the primary sensory system. In this study, we examined whether these H1 receptor mRNA-expressing neurons are sensitive to capsaicin by using in situ hybridization histochemistry. Of lumbar dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons in control animals, 17% were positive for CGRP. In guinea pigs neonatally treated with capsaicin (50 mg/kg), few CGRP-immunoreactive neurons were seen in the DRGs. However, the percentages of H1 receptor mRNA-expressing neurons (15-20%) and the intensity of the mRNA signals in these neurons were not affected by neonatal capsaicin treatment. We also revealed the presence of both capsaicin-sensitive and insensitive neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactive neurons in the DRGs. These neurons were exclusively small. H1 receptor mRNA was expressed in NPY-immunoreactive neurons in naive guinea pig DRGs. These results suggest that H1 receptor mRNA is expressed in capsaicin-insensitive DRG neurons with NPY-immunoreactivity in guinea pigs.

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