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Reprod Nutr Dev. 2001 Jan-Feb;41(1):57-68.

Establishment of cellulolytic bacteria and development of fermentative activities in the rumen of gnotobiotically-reared lambs receiving the microbial additive Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-1077.

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Laboratoire de Microbiologie, INRA, Centre de Recherches de Clermont-Ferrand Theix, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France.


We studied the effects of a yeast additive used in ruminant nutrition on the establishment of cellulolytic bacteria, on plant cell wall degradation and on digestive functions in the rumen of gnotobiotically-reared lambs. Cellulolytic bacteria inoculated to the lambs tended to become established earlier in the presence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-1077 (SC). In addition, their population was maintained at a higher level, when the physico-chemical conditions of the biotope were altered. In these lambs, specific activities of fibrolytic enzymes were greater, and in sacco degradation of wheat straw tended to increase. In the presence of SC there was a decrease in ruminal ammonia concentration and a higher volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration when lambs were 20 to 50 days old. These data suggest that this yeast strain may stimulate the development of cellulolytic microflora and enhance microbial activity in the rumen of young ruminants. Such activity could be beneficial in preventing microbial imbalance and a reduction of rumen function efficiency in the case of nutritional transitions. Further studies with conventional animals will soon be performed in order to verify these dings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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