Send to

Choose Destination
Int Immunopharmacol. 2001 Jan;1(1):135-45.

The effects of histamine on interferon gamma production are dependent on the stimulatory signals.

Author information

Department of Pharmaceutical and Administrative Sciences, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, 68178, USA.


Histamine regulates the immune response by enhancing TH2 cytokine production and by inhibiting TH1 cytokine production. We assessed the mechanisms of histamine's action on helper T cell subsets by evaluating the role of protein kinase A (PKA) in the histamine-mediated effects on IFN gamma production. The splenocytes and TH1 murine cloned cells (pGL10) were pretreated with histamine at a concentration range of 10(-8)-10(-5) M for 1 h and then were activated with anti-CD3, PHA, PMA + ionomycin, or ionomycin for 24 h. The levels of IFN gamma were measured in the supernatants by ELISA. The inhibitory effects of histamine were the most prominent in anti-CD3-stimulated splenocytes (61%). The effects of histamine on IFN gamma production from TH1 cells depended on the mode of cell activation. The activation of cells with anti-CD3 resulted in 27% inhibition of IFN gamma production whereas the activation with ionomycin produced 70% suppression. The inhibitory effects of histamine were completely reversed by cimetidine in a dose-dependent manner in both TH1 cells and in splenocytes. PKA played a role in the inhibition of IFN gamma by histamine when the cells were activated via TCR, and the PKA inhibitors Rp-cAMPS (10(-5) M) and H8 (10(-5) M) reversed the inhibitory effects of histamine on IFN gamma production. However, when the cells were stimulated with ionomycin, the PKA inhibitors did not affect histamine-mediated suppression of IFN gamma production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center