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J Hematother Stem Cell Res. 2001 Apr;10(2):215-28.

Colony-stimulating factors in stem cell transplantation: effect on quality of life.

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  • 1Division of Transplantation Medicine, Palmetto Richland Memorial Hospital and University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29203, USA. kgodder@earthlink.net

Abstract

Health-related quality of life (QOL) is poorest during the immediate post-transplantation period, but the impact of medical interventions during this period has not been studied. Colony-stimulating factors (CSFs), which are used to minimize short-term negative outcomes, might be expected to improve QOL; however, little is published about their impact on QOL during this period. We conducted a MEDLINE search to identify studies reporting on outcomes of stem cell transplantation (SCT) affected by the CSFs, mainly sargramostim and filgrastim. End points studied were: mucositis, incidence and type of infection, duration of hospitalization, time to myeloid engraftment, and quantity and quality of harvested cells. To impute the impact of CSFs on QOL post-SCT, we also reviewed the association between QOL and CSF outcomes in other circumstances. Data suggest that both CSFs improve QOL in the early autologous or allogeneic post-bone marrow transplantation period. Poor QOL caused by infection and increased length of hospital stay is expected to be improved by sargramostim. Time to myeloid engraftment, when negatively affecting QOL, is expected to be improved with both CSFs; however, the time to myeloid engraftment is consistently shorter with filgrastim. Current prospective trials designed to study the effects of CSFs in the immediate post-SCT period should collect QOL data.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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