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Mol Microbiol. 2001 May;40(3):586-95.

Genome quality control: RIP (repeat-induced point mutation) comes to Podospora.

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Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, UMR-CNRS 8621, Batiment 400, Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay cedex, France.


RIP (repeat-induced point mutation) is a silencing process discovered in Neurospora crassa and so far clearly established only in this species as a currently occurring process. RIP acts premeiotically on duplicated sequences, resulting in C-G to T-A mutations, with a striking preference for CpA/TpG dinucleotides. In Podospora anserina, an RIP-like event was observed after several rounds of sexual reproduction in a strain with a 40 kb tandem duplication resulting from homologous integration of a cosmid in the mating-type region. The 9 kb sequenced show 106 C-G to T-A transitions, with 80% of the replaced cytosines located in CpA dinucleotides. This led to the alteration of at least six genes, two of which were unidentified. This RIP-like event extended to single-copy genes between the two members of the repeat. The overall data show that the silencing process is strikingly similar to a light form of RIP, unaccompanied by C-methylation. Interestingly, the N. crassa zeta-eta sequence, which acts as a potent de novo C-methylation RIP signal in this species, is weakly methylated when introduced into P. anserina. These results demonstrate that RIP, at least in light forms, can occur beyond N. crassa.

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