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Nature. 2001 May 17;411(6835):366-74.

Genome maintenance mechanisms for preventing cancer.

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MGC Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Centre for Biomedical Genetics, Erasmus University, PO Box 1738, 3000DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


The early notion that cancer is caused by mutations in genes critical for the control of cell growth implied that genome stability is important for preventing oncogenesis. During the past decade, knowledge about the mechanisms by which genes erode and the molecular machinery designed to counteract this time-dependent genetic degeneration has increased markedly. At the same time, it has become apparent that inherited or acquired deficiencies in genome maintenance systems contribute significantly to the onset of cancer. This review summarizes the main DNA caretaking systems and their impact on genome stability and carcinogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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