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J Affect Disord. 2001 Jul;65(2):185-90.

Psychological well-being and residual symptoms in remitted patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia.

Author information

1
Affective Disorders Program and Laboratory of Experimental Psychotherapy, Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bolgna, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about psychological well-being in remitted patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia and its interactions with residual symptoms.

METHODS:

Thirty patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia who displayed a successful response to exposure therapy, and 30 control subject matched for sociodemographic variables, were administered both observer-rated and self-rated scales for assessing residual symptoms and well-being.

RESULTS:

Patients had significantly more residual symptoms -- as assessed by the Clinical Interview for Depression (CID) and the Symptom Questionnaire (SQ) -- than controls. They also had significantly less environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life and self-acceptance -- as measured by the Psychological Well-being Scales (PWB) -- and less SQ physical well-being than controls.

LIMITATION:

The findings apply to patients with panic disorders who had been treated by behavioral methods and may be different in drug-treated subjects.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results indicate that successful reduction of symptomatology in panic disorder cannot be equated to a pervasive recovery (encompassing psychological well-being) and may pave the way for sequential therapeutic strategies of more enduring quality.

PMID:
11356243
DOI:
10.1016/s0165-0327(00)00267-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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