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Biochem Soc Trans. 2001 May;29(Pt 2):279-82.

Impact of the intramitochondrial enzyme organization on fatty acid oxidation.

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1
Department of Chemistry, City College and Graduate School of the City University of New York, Convent Avenue at 138th Street, New York, NY 10031, U.S.A.

Abstract

The enzymes of mitochondrial beta-oxidation are thought to be organized in at least two functional complexes, a membrane-bound, long-chain-specific beta-oxidation system and a matrix system consisting of soluble enzymes with preferences for medium-chain and short-chain substrates. This hypothesis is supported by the observation that the inactivation of long-chain 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase by 4-bromotiglic acid (4-bromo-2-methylbut-2-enoic acid) causes the complete inhibition of palmitate beta-oxidation even though 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, which acts on 3-ketopalmitoyl-CoA, remains partly active. The observed substrate specificities of long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) and very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase prompt the suggestion that LCAD is a functional component of the long-chain-specific beta-oxidation system. Altogether, a view is emerging of the organization of beta-oxidation enzymes in mitochondria that supports the idea of intermediate channelling and explains the apparent absence of true intermediates of beta-oxidation from mitochondria.

PMID:
11356167
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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