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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 May 25;283(5):1037-45.

Trail-induced apoptosis in Type I leukemic cells is not enhanced by overexpression of bax.

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Department of Haematology/Oncology, St. Bartholomew's and The Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Turner Street, London, E1 2AD, United Kingdom.


We have previously shown that Bax translocation was crucial in TNFalpha or etoposide-induced apoptosis. Overexpression of Bax sensitized chronic myeloid leukemic K562 cells to etoposide-induced apoptosis. Treatment with TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim), cytochrome c release from mitochondria, activation of caspases-8, -9, and -3, and cleavage of Bid in the K562 cell line. Bax failed to sensitize K562 cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. TRAIL did not induce Bax expression and/or translocation from cytosol to mitochondria in the K562 cell line. However, 100 microM Z-VAD.fmk, a pan caspase inhibitor, completely blocked TRAIL-initiated mitochondrial alterations and cleavages of caspases and Bid. We propose that TRAIL-induced apoptosis in K562 cells is via Type I apoptotic signal pathway. Bax translocation is not essential for TRAIL-induced cytochrome c release and DeltaPsim collapse in the Type I cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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