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Mol Cells. 2001 Apr 30;11(2):213-9.

Isolation of cDNA clones differentially accumulated in the placenta of pungent pepper by suppression subtractive hybridization.

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School of Plant Sciences, Seoul National University, Suwon, Korea.


Capsaicinoids responsible for pungency of chili pepper are synthesized exclusively in the placenta tissue of the fruit. As an elementary step in the molecular genetics study of capsaicinoid biosynthesis, a cDNA library was constructed from the placenta of a highly pungent pepper, Capsicum chinense cv. Habanero using the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH). Thirty-nine cDNA clones from about 400 subtracted clones were selected through dot blot analysis and according to their nucleotides sequence. Sequence information of the chosen clones was evaluated by comparing it with DNA and protein databases. Results showed that the cDNA clones could be divided into 4 groups; cDNAs with similarities in genes encoding metabolic enzymes including acyl transferase and fatty acid alcohol oxidase (Group I), putative cell wall proteins (Group II), biotic and abiotic stress-inducible proteins (Group III), and lastly, cDNAs with no similarity (Group IV). Northern blot analysis was performed to confirm that these clones are differentially expressed in pungent pepper. The results revealed that all cDNA clones were differentially expressed in pungent pepper. In addition, the cDNA clones of Groups I and IV were differentially or preferentially expressed in the placenta of pungent pepper.

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