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Virology. 2001 May 25;284(1):37-45.

Use of VSV-G pseudotyped retroviral vectors to target murine osteoprogenitor cells.

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Department of Genetics and Developmental Biology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030, USA.


Marrow stromal cells (MSC) and neonatal calvarial cells have the potential to differentiate and express markers of mature osteoblasts. Furthermore, MSCs can generate multiple differentiated connective tissue phenotypes. These properties and their ability to be expanded ex vivo make them good models for ex vivo gene therapy. In this study we examined the ability of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV-G) pseudotyped retroviral vectors to transduce osteoprogenitor cells derived from bone marrow and from neonatal calvaria. Retrovectors encoding either beta-galactosidase or green fluorescent protein (eGFP) were used for transduction of primary murine marrow stromal and primary neonatal calvarial cell cultures. High infection efficiency was demonstrated by fluorescence-activated cell analysis when GFP was used as a marker or by estimating the number of beta-galactosidase-positive cells. Expression of markers of differentiated bone cells, including Col1a1, bone sialoprotein, and osteocalcin mRNA and alkaline phosphatase activity was not impaired by retroviral transduction. Our data suggest that VSV-G pseudotypes retroviral vectors are suitable for introducing genes into osteoprogenitor cells without affecting osteoprogenitor lineage progression.

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