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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Apr 13;282(4):853-60.

Regulation of the cell cycle at the G1-S transition by proteolysis of cyclin E and p27Kip1.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Laboratory of Embryonic and Genetic Engineering, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.


The transition from G1 phase to S phase of the mammalian cell cycle is controlled by many positive and negative regulators, among which cyclin E and p27Kip1, respectively, undergo the most marked changes in concentration at this transition. The abundance of both cyclin E and p27Kip1 is regulated predominantly by posttranslational mechanisms, in particular by proteolysis mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Cyclin E and p27Kip1 each bind to and undergo polyubiquitination by the same ubiquitin ligase, known as SCF(Skp2). The degradation of cyclin E and p27Kip1 is greatly impaired in Skp2-deficient mice, resulting in intracellular accumulation of these proteins. In this article, recent progress in characterization of the molecular mechanisms that control the proteolysis of cyclin E and p27Kip1 is reviewed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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