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Phytother Res. 2001 May;15(3):235-9.

Andrographis paniculata (Ness) induces relaxation of uterus by blocking voltage operated calcium channels and inhibits Ca(+2) influx.

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Institute of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Universidad Austral de Chile, P.O. Box 567, Valdivia, Chile.


The possible relaxation of uterine smooth muscle by Andrographis paniculata dried extract via a blockade of voltage operated calcium channels was investigated in rats. Uterine horns pretreated with oestradiol were incubated in Ca(+2) -free Jalon's solution and stimulated with KCl (20-60 mM) in order to produce depolarization of the membrane. The isometric contractile response to 1 mM or cumulative concentrations of CaCl2 were blockaded by 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mg/mL of A. paniculata. The maximum contractile response induced by acetylcholine was moderately antagonized by A. paniculata. The possible blockade of Ca(+2) entry by A. paniculata was evaluated with (45)Ca(+2) uptake in uterine rings incubated with free-Ca(+2)-Ringer's solution high in K+ (KCl 40 mM). The influx was completely blockaded with 0.4 mg/mL of A. paniculata. These results strongly suggest that A. paniculata blockades voltage operated calcium channels inhibiting the entry of Ca(+2) from the external medium.

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