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Int J Cancer. 2001 Jun 15;92(6):861-70.

Isolation of new anti-CD30 scFvs from DNA-immunized mice by phage display and biologic activity of recombinant immunotoxins produced by fusion with truncated pseudomonas exotoxin.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Abstract

To target CD30 on Hodgkin's disease and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, anti-CD30 single-chain antibodies were obtained by DNA immunization of mice with the complete human CD30 cDNA. Spleens were isolated from mice with high anti-CD30 titer, and the RNA was used for the production of an scFv-displaying phage library. Specific phages were enriched by 3 rounds of panning on soluble CD30 or CD30+ K562 cells. Recombinant immunotoxins (rITs) were made from 3 ELISA-positive scFv phages by fusion to a 38 kDa truncated mutant of Pseudomonas exotoxin (PE38) with or without a KDEL mutant sequence at the C terminus. In vitro cytotoxicity of purified anti-CD30 rITs was measured on CD30-transfected A431 cells. IC50 values ranged from 3 to 7 ng/ml (50-110 pM) for PE38 rITs and 0.1 ng/ml (2 pM) for the PE38-KDEL IT on A431-CD30 cells. The parental A431 cells were resistant, indicating that the cytotoxicity was specific and CD30-mediated. rITs were tested for anti-tumor activity in a nude mouse model. A431-CD30 cells were injected s.c. on day 0; then, mice bearing measurable tumors were treated beginning on day 4 with 3 alternate daily doses i.v. Anti-tumor activity was dose-dependent and not found when irrelevant ITs were administered or when CD30- tumors were treated. Our data show that DNA immunization and antibody phage display may be useful in producing new rITs against hematologic malignancies. Published 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
11351308
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.1266
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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