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J Biol Chem. 2001 May 18;276(20):17367-72. Epub 2001 Feb 28.

Calcineurin homologous protein as an essential cofactor for Na+/H+ exchangers.

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Department of Molecular Physiology, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Fujishiro-dai 5-7-1, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, Japan.


The Na+/H+ exchangers (NHEs) comprise a family of transporters that catalyze cell functions such as regulation of the pH and volume of a cell and epithelial absorption of Na+ and bicarbonate. Ubiquitous calcineurin B homologous protein (CHP or p22) is co-localized and co-immunoprecipitated with expressed NHE1, NHE2, or NHE3 independently of its myristoylation and Ca2+ binding, and its binding site was identified as the juxtamembrane region within the carboxyl-terminal cytoplasmic domain of exchangers. CHP binding-defective mutations of NHE1-3 or CHP depletion by injection of the competitive CHP-binding region of NHE1 into Xenopus oocytes resulted in a dramatic reduction (>90%) in the Na+/H+ exchange activity. The data suggest that CHP serves as an essential cofactor, which supports the physiological activity of NHE family members.

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