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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2001 Jun;280(6):L1318-26.

Identification of a novel antigen on the apical surface of rat alveolar epithelial type II and Clara cells.

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1
Department of Physiology, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Abstract

Here we describe a monoclonal antibody (MMC4) that recognizes a novel antigen on the apical surface of rat alveolar epithelial type II and Clara cells in the lung, proximal tubule epithelial cells in the kidney, and villus epithelial cells in the small intestine. Biochemical analysis showed that the MMC4 antigen was sensitive to heating and proteinase K digestion and that it is distributed in the detergent-rich phase after Triton X-114 phase separation. These data suggest that the MMC4 antigen is an integral membrane protein. Glycerol gradient sedimentation identified two forms of the MMC4 antigen: one with a sedimentation coefficient of 10.1 and one with a sedimentation coefficient of 1.66, suggesting that the antigen may be part of a multiprotein complex. During rat development (fetal day 16 to adult), the MMC4 antigen increased 12-fold in the lung and 200-fold in the kidney. In the intestine, the MMC4 antigen increased 150-fold by neonatal day 1 and then decreased to adult values. Our data demonstrate that the MMC4 antigen is unlike known type II cell- and Clara cell-associated proteins. The MMC4 monoclonal antibody will be useful as a marker of epithelial cell phenotype in development and injury studies.

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