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Inorg Chem. 2001 May 21;40(11):2554-69.

High-nuclearity close-packed palladium-nickel carbonyl phosphine clusters: heteropalladium.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.


[Pd(16)Ni(4)(CO)(22)(PPh(3))(4)](2)(-) (1) and [Pd(33)Ni(9)(CO)(41)(PPh(3))(6)](4)(-) (2) were obtained as the two major products from the reduction of PdCl(2)(PPh(3))(2) with [Ni(6)(CO)(12)](2)(-). Their crystal structures as [PPh(4)](+) salts were unambiguously determined from CCD X-ray crystallographic analyses; the resulting stoichiometries were ascertained from elemental analyses. Infrared, multinuclear (1)H, (31)P[(1)H] NMR, UV-vis, CV, variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility, and ESI FT/ICR mass spectrometric measurements were performed. The Pd(16)Ni(4) core of 1 ideally conforms to a ccp nu(3) tetrahedron of pseudo-T(d)() (4 3m) symmetry. Its geometry normal to each tetrahedral Pd(7)Ni(3) face (i.e., along each of the four 3-fold axes) may be viewed as a four-layer stacking of 20 metal atoms in a ccp [a(Ni(1)) b(Pd(3)) c(Pd(6)) a(Pd(7)Ni(3))] sequence. A comparative analysis of the different ligand connectivities about the analogous metal-core geometries in 1 and the previously reported [Os(20)(CO)(40)](2)(-) has stereochemical implications pertaining to the different possible modes of carbon monoxide attachment to ccp metal(111) surfaces. The unique geometry of the Pd(33)Ni(9) core of 2, which has pseudo-D(3)(h)() (6 2m) symmetry, consists of five equilateral triangular layers that are stacked in a hcp [a(Pd(7)Ni(3)) b(Pd(6)) a(Pd(7)Ni(3)) b(Pd(6)) a(Pd(7)Ni(3))] sequence. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements indicated both 1 and 2 to be diamagnetic over the entire temperature range from 5.0 to 300 K. Neutral Pd(12)(CO)(12)(PPh(3))(6) (3) and [Pd(29)(CO)(28)(PPh(3))(7)](2)(-) (4) as the [PPh(4)](+) salt were obtained as minor decomposition products from protonation reactions of 1 and 2, respectively, with acetic acid. Compound 3 of pseudo-D(3)(d)() (3 2/m) symmetry represents the second highly deformed hexacapped octahedral member of the previously established homopalladium family of clusters containing uncapped, monocapped, bicapped, and tetracapped Pd(6) octahedra. The unprecedented centered 28-atom polyhedron for the Pd(29) core of 4 of pseudo-C(3)(v)() (3m) symmetry may be described as a four-layer stacking of 29 metal atoms in a mixed hcp/ccp [a(Pd(1)) b(Pd(3)) a(Pd(10)) c(Pd(15))] sequence.

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