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Clin Exp Hypertens. 2001 May;23(4):357-68.

Gender difference in the relationships among hyperleptinemia, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertension.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Japan.


Studies reveals that plasma leptin levels (LEP) in females are higher than those in males, and that LEP in hypertensive subjects are higher than those in BMI-matched normotensive subjects. To investigate the relationships among LEP, blood pressure (BP) and insulin sensitivity, we studied these relationships in 133 Japanese males and 263 females. LEP were positively correlated with BP, body mass index, body fat mass (FM) and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA). Regression analysis in which age and FM were adjusted showed LEP were associated with BP and HOMA. Even with adjustment by age, FM and HOMA, LEP were still positively correlated BP in males. LEP in insulin-resistant hypertensives was significantly higher than those in insulin-sensitive hypertensives, in insulin-sensitive normotensives and in insulin-resistant normotensives in males. However, in females, a significantly higher LEP was observed in insulin-resistant subjects than in insulin-sensitive subjects regardless of hypertension. These data suggest that it would be sexual difference in the relationships among hyperleptinemia, hyperinsulinemia and hypertension.

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