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Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 2001 Mar;16 Suppl 2:S21-24.

Male depression and suicide.

Author information

1
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Molndal, Sweden. jan.walinder@beta.telenordia.se

Abstract

Based on the experiences of the Gotland Study that education of general practitioners about depressive illness resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the number of female suicides, leaving the rate of male suicides almost unaffected, we propose the concept of a male depressive syndrome. This syndrome comprises a low stress tolerance, an acting-out behavior, a low impulse control, substance abuse and a hereditary loading of depressive illness, alcoholism and suicide. This notion is supported by data from The Amish study as well as the concept of van Praag of a stress-precipitated, cortisol-induced, serotonin-related and anxiety-driven depressive illness most often seen in males. In order to identify depressed males, the Gotland Male Depression Scale has been developed. Some preliminary data using the scale in a group of alcohol-dependant patients are presented.

PMID:
11349757
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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