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Environ Sci Technol. 2001 Feb 15;35(4):696-702.

Pd-catalyzed TCE dechlorination in water: effect of [H2](aq) and H2-utilizing competitive solutes on the TCE dechlorination rate and product distribution.

Author information

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4020, USA.

Abstract

The aqueous-phase H2 concentration ([H2](aq)) and the presence of H2-utilizing competitive solutes affect TCE dechlorination efficiency in Pd-based in-well treatment reactors. The effect of [H2](aq) and H2-utilizing competing solutes (cis-DCE, trans-DCE, 1,1-DCE, dissolved oxygen (DO), nitrite, nitrate) on the TCE transformation rate and product distribution were evaluated using 100 mg/L of a powdered Pd-on-Al2O3 catalysts in batch reactors or 1.0 g of a 1.6-mm Pd-on-gamma-Al2O3 catalyst in column reactors. The TCE dechlorination rate constant decreased by 55% from 0.034 +/- 0.006 to 0.015 +/- 0.001 min-1 when the [H2](aq) decreased from 1000 to 100 microM and decreased sharply to 0.0007 +/- 0.0003 min-1 when the [H2](aq) decreased from 100 to 10 microM. Production of reactive chlorinated intermediates and C4-C6 radical coupling products increased with decreasing [H2](aq). At an [H2](aq) of 10 microM (P/Po = 0.01), DCE isomers and vinyl chloride accounted for as much as 9.8% of the TCE transformed at their maximum but disappeared thereafter, and C4-C6 radical coupling products accounted for as much as 18% of TCE transformed. The TCE transformation rate was unaffected by the presence of cis-DCE (202 microM), trans-DCE (89 microM), and 1,1-DCE (91 microM), indicating that these compounds do not compete with TCE for catalyst active sites. DO is twice as reactive as TCE but had no effect on TCE conversion in the column below a concentration of 370 microM (11.8 mg/L), indicating that DO and TCE will not compete for active catalyst sites at typical groundwater DO concentrations. TCE conversion in the column was reduced by as much as a factor of 10 at influent DO levels greater than 450 mM (14.3 mg/L) because the [H2](aq) fell below 100 microM due to H2 utilized in DO conversion. Nitrite reacts 2-5 times slower than TCE and reduced TCE conversion by less than 4% at a concentration of 6630 microM (305 mg/L). Nitrate was not reactive and did not effect TCE conversion at a concentration of 1290 microM (80 mg/L).

PMID:
11349280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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