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Science. 2001 May 11;292(5519):1133-5.

Proposed square spiral microfabrication architecture for large three-dimensional photonic band gap crystals.

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Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto M5S-1A7, Canada.


We present a blueprint for a three-dimensional photonic band gap (PBG) material that is amenable to large-scale microfabrication on the optical scale using glancing angle deposition methods. The proposed chiral crystal consists of square spiral posts on a tetragonal lattice. In the case of silicon posts in air (direct structure), the full PBG can be as large as 15% of the gap center frequency, whereas for air posts in a silicon background (inverted structure) the maximum PBG is 24% of the center frequency. This PBG occurs between the fourth and fifth bands of the photon dispersion relation and is very robust to variations (disorder) in the geometrical parameters of the crystal.

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