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Chest. 2001 May;119(5):1420-6.

Empiric antibiotic therapy and mortality among medicare pneumonia inpatients in 10 western states : 1993, 1995, and 1997.

Author information

1
Health Care Financing Administration, Region 10, Seattle, WA 98121, USA. phouck@hcfa.gov

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

To examine the association of empiric inpatient antibiotic treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) with mortality, and whether this association varies from year to year.

DESIGN:

Population-based, retrospective study adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, and clinical characteristics.

SETTING:

Acute-care hospitals in 10 western states.

PATIENTS:

A group of 10,069 Medicare beneficiaries aged > or = 65 years who were hospitalized with CAP during fiscal years 1993, 1995, and 1997.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

We examined the risk for mortality during the 30 days after admission to the hospital. The impact of specific antibiotic regimens varied greatly from year to year. In 1993, therapy with a macrolide plus a beta-lactam was associated with significantly lower mortality than therapy with either a beta-lactam alone (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.42; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25 to 0.69) or other regimens that did not include a macrolide, beta-lactam, or fluoroquinolone (AOR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.20 to 0.62). Those associations were not observed in 1995 or 1997. Lower mortality was associated with fluoroquinolone monotherapy compared with beta-lactam monotherapy in 1997 (AOR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.96) and with macrolide monotherapy compared with other regimens in 1995 (AOR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.93), but the number of patients who received these regimens was small.

CONCLUSIONS:

The inclusion of a macrolide or a fluoroquinolone in initial empiric CAP treatment was associated with improved survival, but this association varied from year to year, perhaps as a result of a temporal variation in the incidence of atypical pathogen pneumonia. Improved testing and surveillance for atypical pathogen pneumonia are needed to guide empiric therapy.

PMID:
11348948
DOI:
10.1378/chest.119.5.1420
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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