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Vaccine. 2001 May 14;19(25-26):3526-36.

Enhanced simian immunodeficiency virus-specific immune responses in macaques induced by priming with recombinant Semliki Forest virus and boosting with modified vaccinia virus Ankara.

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Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, SE-171 82, Solna, Sweden.


The immunogenicity of two vector-based vaccines, either given alone or in a prime-boost regimen, was investigated. Cynomolgus macaques were immunised with modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) expressing simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)macJ5 env, gag-pol, nef, rev, and tat genes (MVA-SIVmac) or primed with a Semliki forest virus (SFV) vaccine expressing the same genes (SFV-SIVmac) and boosted with MVA-SIVmac. Generally, antibody responses, T-cell proliferative responses and cytotoxic T-cell responses remained low or undetectable in vaccinees receiving MVA-SIVmac or SFV-SIVmac alone. In contrast, monkeys who first received SFV-SIVmac twice and then were boosted with MVA-SIVmac showed increased antibody responses as well as high T-cell proliferative responses. Three of these vaccinees had cytotoxic T-lymphocytes directed against three or four of the gene products. No evidence of protection was seen against an intrarectal heterologous SIVsm challenge given 3 months after the last immunisation. The study demonstrates a prime-boost strategy that efficiently induces both humoral and cellular immune responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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