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Respir Physiol. 2001 Jun;126(2):153-62.

Effect of dopamine on platelet activating factor induced-pulmonary edema in isolated and perfused rabbit lungs.

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Section of Respiratory Physiology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Luis Razetti School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela.


The effect of dopamine over pulmonary edema induced by PAF was studied. Thirty preparations of rabbit lungs were used: six control preparations (CP), six PAF preparations (PP) in which we injected a dose of 1 microg/kg of rabbit weight and eighteen dopamine preparations (DAP) divided in three groups of six pretreated with a dose of 1-5 (dopaminergic range), 10-20 (Beta range) and 20-30 ug/kg/min (Alpha range) of dopamine, respectively for 30 min, followed by an injection of PAF as in the PP. DAP at Beta and Alpha-adrenergic range decreased pulmonary artery pressure (Pap) as compared to CP, with values of 11.66 (CI 95%: 10.83-12.48), 11.66 (CI 95%: 9.87-13.44) versus 17.12 (CI 95%: 16.12-18.11) cm of water, respectively. DAP in Beta and Alpha-adrenergic range prevented Pap increment as compared to PP, with values of 17.16 (CI 95%: 16.37-17.94), 17.5 (CI 95%: 14.93-20.06) versus 84 cm of water (CI 95%: 71.41-96.58), respectively. Dopamine, at its three ranges inhibited the augmentation of the fluid filtration rate observed in PP with values of 1.01 (CI 95%: 0.77-1.24), 0.03 (CI 95%: 0.01-0.04) and 0.02 g/min (CI 95%: -0.0004-0.03) versus 2.13 g/min (CI 95%: 1.56-2.69), respectively. We concluded that dopamine has a vasodilator effect on Pap and exerts an inhibiting action over PAF effects in pulmonary circulation. Such effects seem to be mainly mediated by Beta-receptors, rather than by dopaminergic receptors.

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