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Planta. 2001 Apr;212(5-6):774-81.

Isolation of cDNA and genomic DNA clones encoding a calmodulin-binding protein related to a family of ATPases involved in cell division and vesicle fusion.

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  • 1Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.


Calmodulin (CaM), a primary Ca2+ receptor in all eukaryotic cells, is a multifunctional protein that functions by interacting with and modulating the activities of a wide variety of target proteins. Identifying and characterizing these CaM-binding target proteins is essential to define the pathways by which Ca(2+)-regulated signals are transduced. An Arabidopsis thaliana L. flower cDNA expression library constructed in lambda ZAPII was screened for CaM-binding proteins with 35S-labeled CaM. A partial cDNA whose encoded protein shares a high level of similarity with yeast CDC48p was isolated. A genomic clone was isolated using the partial length cDNA clone as a probe, and its nucleotide sequence was determined. The genomic DNA sequence was used to design oligonucleotide primers for polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) experiments that facilitated cloning and reconstructing a full-length, 3.4-kb cDNA clone. The cDNA encodes a 111-kDa CaM-interacting protein (CIP111) containing motifs characteristic of a diverse family of ATPases, including proteins involved in cell cycle regulation, protein degradation, and vesicle-mediated protein transport. A truncated fusion protein encoded by the carboxy-terminal region of CIP111 was produced in Escherichia coli and shown to bind CaM in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner by protein gel blot and affinity chromatography binding assays. Reverse-transcription PCR analyses demonstrated that CIP111 mRNA is expressed in all organs examined including flowers, siliques, floral stalks, leaves, and roots. DNA blot hybridization analyses indicate that a single-copy gene in Arabidopsis is likely to encode CIP111.

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