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Urol Oncol. 2001 May;6(3):103-110.

Mutations within the tumour suppressor gene p53 are not confined to a late event in prostate cancer progression. a review of the evidence.

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Oncology Research Centre, Level 2 Clinical Sciences Building, Prince of Wales Hospital, Barker Street, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia, and Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, NSW 2033, Kensington, Australia


Mutations in the p53 tumour suppressor gene are generally believed to be a late event in the progression of prostate cancer, and are associated with androgen independence, metastasis, and a worse prognosis. In this review, we examine the current literature available on p53 mutations and focus on stages A (T1) and B (T2) of prostate cancer. We report here that p53 mutations can be found in approximately one third of prostate cancers that are clinically localized to the prostate. In addition, high levels of p53 mutation are found in normal prostate tissue of prostate cancer patients, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, and benign prostatic hyperplasia. The limitations of techniques used to determine p53 mutations are discussed, as well as other modes of p53 loss in early stage prostate cancer.


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