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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 May 5;1547(1):57-63.

A 28 kDa protein of the Bacillus thuringiensis serovar shandongiensis isolate 89-T-34-22 induces a human leukemic cell-specific cytotoxicity.

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Biotechnology and Food Research Institute, Fukuoka Industrial Technology Center, Kurume, Japan.


A 28 kDa protein that exhibits cytocidal activity specific for human leukemic T (MOLT-4) cells was purified from proteinase K-digested parasporal inclusion of a Bacillus thuringiensis serovar shandongiensis isolate. The N-terminal sequence of the protein was identical with that of the 32 kDa protein, regarded as a protoxin, of the inclusion proteins. The median effective concentration of this protein was 0.23 microg/ml against MOLT-4 cells and its specific activity was 7.9 times greater than that of the whole inclusion proteins. The 28 kDa protein induced necrosis-like cytotoxicity against MOLT-4 cells and the cytopathic effect with the passage of time was characterized by cell swelling, nuclear membrane isolation and chromatin condensation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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