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Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Apr 27;418(3):201-6.

Effect of dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonist sulpiride on amphetamine-induced changes in striatal extracellular dopamine.

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Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Texas, Austin 78712, USA.


Amphetamine increases extracellular dopamine and induces locomotor and stereotypical behaviors in rats. This study examined the effect of the dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonist sulpiride (50 mg/kg s.c.) on the dopaminergic response to amphetamine (0.5, 2.0, or 8.0 mg/kg i.p.) in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Extracellular dopamine in the striatum was monitored using in vivo microdialysis and high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Dopamine concentration curves were analyzed using non-linear regression and residual F-testing. Amphetamine enhanced extracellular dopamine in a dose-dependent manner. Sulpiride augmented the increase in dopamine induced by 0.5 and 2 mg/kg amphetamine by decreasing the rate of dopamine concentration fall off in the extracellular space (P<0.05). Sulpiride also potentiated the amount of dopamine increased by 8 mg/kg amphetamine, but did so by affecting the maximum concentration achieved (P<0.05), not the onset or offset rates. We conclude that the primary effect of a dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonist is a potentiation of the effect of amphetamine on extracellular striatal dopamine levels, which may contribute to the enhanced stereotypic effects observed when paired with amphetamine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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