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Psychon Bull Rev. 2001 Mar;8(1):168-76.

The effects of concurrent task interference on category learning: evidence for multiple category learning systems.

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Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA.


Participants learned simple and complex category structures under typical single-task conditions and when performing a simultaneous numerical Stroop task. In the simple categorization tasks, each set of contrasting categories was separated by a unidimensional explicit rule, whereas the complex tasks required integrating information from three stimulus dimensions and resulted in implicit rules that were difficult to verbalize. The concurrent Stroop task dramatically impaired learning of the simple explicit rules, but did not significantly delay learning of the complex implicit rules. These results support the hypothesis that category learning is mediated by multiple learning systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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