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Mol Cell Biol. 2001 Jun;21(11):3763-74.

Vav1 regulates phospholipase cgamma activation and calcium responses in mast cells.

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Section on Chemical Immunology, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1820, USA.


The hematopoietic cell-specific protein Vav1 is a substrate of tyrosine kinases activated following engagement of many receptors, including FcepsilonRI. Vav1-deficient mice contain normal numbers of mast cells but respond more weakly than their normal counterparts to a passive systemic anaphylaxis challenge. Vav1-deficient bone marrow-derived mast cells also exhibited reduced degranulation and cytokine production, although tyrosine phosphorylation of FcepsilonRI, Syk, and LAT (linker for activation of T cells) was normal. In contrast, tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1) and PLCgamma2 and calcium mobilization were markedly inhibited. Reconstitution of deficient mast cells with Vav1 restored normal tyrosine phosphorylation of PLCgamma1 and PLCgamma2 and calcium responses. Thus, Vav1 is essential to FcepsilonRI-mediated activation of PLCgamma and calcium mobilization in mast cells. In addition to its known role as an activator of Rac1 GTPases, these findings demonstrate a novel function for Vav1 as a regulator of PLCgamma-activated calcium signals.

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