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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2001 May 15;389(2):245-53.

Purification, molecular cloning, and functional expression of dog liver microsomal acyl-CoA hydrolase: a member of the carboxylesterase multigene family.

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Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan.


To clarify the reason for the high acyl-CoA hydrolase (ACH) activity found in dog liver microsomes, the ACH was purified to homogeneity using column chromatography. The purified enzyme, named ACH D1, exhibited a subunit molecular weight of 60 KDa. The amino terminal amino acid sequence showed a striking homology with rat liver carboxylesterase (CES) isozymes. ACH D1 possessed hydrolytic activities toward esters containing xenobiotics in addition to acyl-CoA thioesters, and these activities were inhibited by a specific inhibitor of CES or by CES RH1 antibodies. These findings suggest that this protein is a member of the CES multigene family. Since ACH D1 appears to be a protein belonging to the CES family, we cloned the cDNA from a dog liver lambdagt10 library with a CES-specific probe. The clone obtained, designated CES D1, possessed several motifs characterizing CES isozymes, and the deduced amino acid sequences were 100% identical with those of ACH D1 in the first 18 amino acid residues. When it was expressed in V79 cells, it showed high catalytic activities toward acyl-CoA thioesters. In addition, the characteristics of the expressed protein were identical with those of ACH D1 in many cases, suggesting that CES D1 encodes liver microsomal ACH D1.

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