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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2001 May 15;389(2):176-86.

Glucuronidation of linoleic acid diols by human microsomal and recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferases: identification of UGT2B7 as the major isoform involved.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock 72205, USA.


Recent reports suggest that linoleic acid (LA) epoxides and diols are associated with important physiological, pharmacological, and pathological events in vivo. We have shown recently that LA-diols are excellent substrates for human liver microsomal UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs); however, it is not known if other human tissues glucuronidate LA-diols or which UGT isozyme(s) is involved. The present studies with human intestinal microsomes indicate that glucuronidation of LA-diols occurs throughout the gastrointestinal tract, with the highest activity in the small intestine. LA-diols yielded exclusively hydroxyl-linked glucuronides, whereas LA yielded the carboxyl-linked glucuronide. Studies with human recombinant UGTs demonstrated that only UGT2B7 glucuronidated LA and LA-diols. Kinetic analysis with UGT2B7 yielded apparent K(m) values in the range of 40-70 microM and V(max) values from 4.5 to 5.4 nmol/mg x min. These studies indicate that LA and LA-diols are excellent substrates for intestinal UGTs and provide the first evidence for UGT2B7 being the major isoform involved.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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