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Am J Clin Pathol. 2000 Dec;114(6):940-50.

Sensitive differential detection of genetically related mycobacterial pathogens in archival material.

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Department of Histology and Embryology, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.


A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeted to the immunogenic protein MPB64 gene was used to detect members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, and an outward-primed PCR (OPPCR) designed on the IS6110 element allowed differentiation between Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Additionally, the amplification of IS1110 and 16S ribosomal RNA sequences combined with a dot blotting assay were able to differentially detect Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. The validity of the experimental procedure was tested on reference material and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples from patients with tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, or Crohn disease. We demonstrated mycobacterial DNA in 59 of 75 cases with histologic lesions typical of tuberculosis; we detected M tuberculosis and M paratuberculosis in 6 of 25 sarcoidosis cases and in 7 of 20 Crohn disease specimens, respectively. The proposed diagnostic procedure is directly applicable to archival material and allows differentiation of genetically related mycobacterial pathogens in more detail than other molecular methods. It provides a tool for the diagnostic study of tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, and Crohn disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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