Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuroreport. 2001 May 8;12(6):1245-9.

Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat brain: effects of naloxone.

Author information

1
Department of Education and Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, No. 160, Sec. 3, Taichung-Gang Rd, Taichung 40705, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

The pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) involves cytokine/chemokine production, inflammatory cell influx, astrogliosis, cytoskeletal protein degradation and breakdown of the blood-brain barrier. (-)-Naloxone is able to reduce infarct volume and has been used as a therapeutic agent for cerebral I/R injuries. However, its effects on the mentioned pathophysiologic changes have scarcely been addressed. Cerebral I/R was produced by occluding and opening bilateral common carotid artery and unilateral middle cerebral artery in Sprague-Dawley rats. After cerebral I/R, the degradation of neuronal microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2) was strongly associated with astrogliosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, cytokine/chemokine overproduction, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 activation. (-)-Naloxone pretreatment suppresses post-ischemic activation and preserves more MAP-2 protein. Therefore, (-)-naloxone administration might be an effective therapeutic intervention for reducing ischemic injuries.

PMID:
11338200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - Ovid Insights
    Loading ...
    Support Center