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Chem Biol Interact. 2001 May 16;134(3):271-81.

Species comparison in P450 induction: effects of dexamethasone, omeprazole, and rifampin on P450 isoforms 1A and 3A in primary cultured hepatocytes from man, Sprague-Dawley rat, minipig, and beagle dog.

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In Vitro Technologies Inc., 1450 South Rolling Road, Baltimore, MD 20227, USA.


Induction of P450 isoforms 1A (CYP1A) and 3A (CYP3A) by model inducers dexamethasone, omeprazole and rifampin was evaluated in primary cultured hepatocytes from man and laboratory animals. Inducer-specific species-differences were observed. Results with human hepatocytes from six human donors consistently show that both rifampin and dexamethasone were inducers of CYP3A activity (measured as testosterone 6beta-hydroxylase activity), with rifampin being more potent. Conversely, in rat hepatocytes, dexamethasone was a potent CYP3A inducer while rifampin was not an inducer. Rifampin but not dexamethasone induced CYP3A in minipig and beagle dog hepatocytes. Omeprazole was a potent inducer of CYP1A activity (measured as ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity) in human, beagle dog and minipig hepatocytes, and not an inducer in rat hepatocytes. The species-differences observed suggest that human hepatocytes represent the most appropriate preclinical experimental system for the evaluation of P450 induction in human.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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