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Int J Parasitol. 2001 May 1;31(5-6):532-6.

Parasite genome initiatives.

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DBBM - IOC/Fiocruz, Av. Brasil 4365, Manguinhos, 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


During 1993-1994, scientists from developing and developed countries planned and initiated a number of parasite genome projects and several consortiums for the mapping and sequencing of these medium-sized genomes were established, often based on already ongoing scientific collaborations. Financial and other support came from WHO/TDR, Wellcome Trust and other funding agencies. Thus, the genomes of Plasmodium falciparum, Schistosoma mansoni, Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania major, Trypanosoma brucei, Brugia malayi and other pathogenic nematodes are now under study. From an initial phase of network formation, mapping efforts and resource building (EST, GSS, phage, cosmid, BAC and YAC library constructions), sequencing was initiated in gene discovery projects but soon also on a small chromosome, and now on a fully fledged genome scale. Proteomics, functional analysis, genetic manipulation and microarray analysis are ongoing to different degrees in the respective genome initiatives, and as the funding for the whole genome sequencing becomes secured, most of the participating laboratories, apart from larger sequencing centres, become oriented to post-genomics. Bioinformatics networks are being expanded, including in developing countries, for data mining, annotation and in-depth analysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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