Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 May;73(5):892-9.

Mechanism for the increase in plasma triacylglycerol concentrations after consumption of short-term, high-carbohydrate diets.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA. mittendb@medicine.wustl.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High-carbohydrate (HC) diets are recommended for lowering the risk of coronary heart disease because they decrease plasma LDL-cholesterol concentrations. However, an unfavorable effect of HC diets is an increase in plasma triacylglycerol concentrations. The underlying mechanisms of this effect are still unclear.

OBJECTIVE:

We examined the effect of diet composition on VLDL-triacylglycerol metabolism using in vivo isotopically labeled VLDL-triacylglycerol tracers.

DESIGN:

Six healthy subjects were studied on 2 occasions: after 2 wk of an HC diet (75% carbohydrates, 10% fat, and 15% protein) and after 2 wk of an isoenergetic high-fat (HF) diet (30% carbohydrates, 55% fat, and 15% protein).

RESULTS:

The plasma VLDL-triacylglycerol concentration was higher after the HC diet than after the HF diet (690 +/- 186 compared with 287 +/- 104 micromol/L; P < 0.05) because of higher rates of VLDL-triacylglycerol production (0.76 +/- 0.12 compared with 0.45 +/- 0.15 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1); P < 0.05) rather than diminished VLDL-triacylglycerol clearance (1.5 +/- 0.5 compared with 1.7 +/- 0.5 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1) after the HC diet than after the HF diet, respectively). The increase in VLDL-triacylglycerol production was probably mediated by a decrease in hepatic fatty acid oxidation after the HC diet (0.13 +/- 0.02 compared with 0.69 +/- 0.24 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1); P < 0.05), which presumably increased hepatic fatty acid availability for triacylglycerol synthesis.

CONCLUSIONS:

The increase in fasting plasma triacylglycerol concentrations in response to short-term HC diets is due to accelerated VLDL-triacylglycerol secretion. Increased hepatic fatty acid availability, resulting from reduced hepatic fatty acid oxidation, is most likely responsible for the observed increase in VLDL-triacylglycerol secretion.

PMID:
11333842
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center